Bibliography

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Wcislo WT, Low BS, Karr CJ.  1985.  Parasite pressure and repeated burrow use by different individuals of Crabro (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae; Diptera: Sarcophagidae). Sociobiology. 1(2):115-126.
Wcislo WT.  1984.  Gregarious nesting of a digger wasp as a "selfish herd" response to a parasitic fly (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae; Diptera: Sarcophagidae). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 15:157-160.
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Webb PW.  2006.  Use of fine-scale current refuges by fishes in a temperate warm-water stream. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 84:1071-1078.
Webb PW, Schrank AJ.  2010.  Biological Station Fishes. The Changing Environment of Northern Michigan: A Century of Science and Nature at the University of Michigan Biological Station. :132-142.
Webb PW, Weihs D..  1994.  Hydrostatic stability of fish with swim bladders: not all fish are unstable. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 72:1149-1154.
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Welch PSmith, Sehon GLouise.  1928.  The periodic vibratory movements of the larva of Nymphula maculalis Clemens (Lepidoptera) and their respiratory significance. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 21:243-258.
Welch PSmith.  1914.  Habits of the larva of Bellura melanopyga Grote (Lepidoptera). The Biological Bulletin. 27:97-114.
Welch PSmith.  1914.  Studies on the Enchytraeidae of North America. Bulletin of the Illinois State Laboratory of Natural History. 10:123-212.
Welch PSmith.  1941.  Dissolved oxygen in relation to lake types. Symposium on Hydrobiology. :60-70.
Welch PSmith, Eggleton FE.  1932.  Limnological investigations on northern Michigan Lakes II. A further study of depression individuality in Douglas Lake. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 15:491-508.
Welch PSmith.  1917.  Further studies on Hydromyza confluens Loew, (Diptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 10:35-45.
Welch PSmith, Loomis HA.  1924.  A limnological study of Hydra oligactis in Douglas Lake, Michigan. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. 43:203-235.
Welch PSmith.  1914.  The early stages of the life history of Polystoechotes punctatus Fabr. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society. 9:1-6.
Welch PSmith.  1936.  A limnological study of a small sphagnum-leather leaf-black spruce bog lake with special reference to its plankton. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. 55:300-312.
Welch PSmith.  1922.  The respiratory mechanism in certain aquatic Lepidoptera. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. 41:29-50.
Welch PSmith.  1928.  Limnological investigations on northern Michigan Lakes. I. Physical-chemical studies on Douglas Lake. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 8:421-451.
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Welch PSmith.  1945.  More data on depression individuality in Douglas Lake, Michigan. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 30:379-390.
Welch PSmith.  1939.  Vertical distribution of summer temperature in the false bottoms of certain Michigan bog lakes. Ecology. 20:38-46.
Welch PSmith.  1944.  The hatchet planimeter as a limnological instrument. Limnological Society of America Special Publication. 14:7.
Welch PSmith.  1916.  Contribution to the biology of certain aquatic Lepidoptera. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 9:159-187.
Welch PSmith.  1936.  Limnological investigation of a strongly basic bog lake surrounded by an extensive acid-forming bog mat. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 21:727-751.
Welch PSmith.  1924.  Observations on the early larval activities of Nymphula maculalis Clemens (Lepidoptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 17:395-402.
Welch PSmith.  1914.  A new Henlea (Enchytraeidae) from northern Michigan. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. 33:155-164.
Welch PSmith, Eggleton FE.  1935.  Additional data on submerged depression individuality in Douglas Lake. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 20:737-750.
Welch PSmith.  1915.  The Lepidoptera of the Douglas Lake region, northern Michigan. Entomological News. 26:115-119.
Welch PSmith.  1945.  Some limnological features of water impounded in a northern bog-lake mat. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. 64:183-195.
Welch PSmith.  1950.  A limnological view of the inland waters of Michigan.
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Welch PSmith.  1938.  A limnological study of a retrograding bog lake. Ecology. 19:435-453.
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Welshofer KB, Zarnetske PL, Lany NK, Read QD.  2018.  Short-term responses to warming vary between native vs. exotic species and with latitude in an early successional plant community. Oecologia. 187(1):333-342.
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Westberg HH, Lamb BK, Hafer R, Hills AJ, Shepson PB, Vogel CS.  2001.  Measurement of isoprene fluxes at the PROPHET site. Journal of Geophysical Research. 106(D20):24,347-24,358.
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Williams RW.  1955.  Observations on some Heleidae (Diptera) of the psammolittoral zone of Douglas Lake, Michigan. Entomological News. 66(4):93-97.
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Williams RW.  1956.  Two new species of Alluaudomyia from Cheboygan County Michigan, with a note on the synonymy of para and downesi. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 58(6):327-331.
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Williams RW.  1956.  Studies on the filth flies at the University of Michigan Biological Station, Douglas Lake, Michigan, summer l954. The American Midlands Naturalist. 55(1):126-130.
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