Removal indeterminacy and the proximate determination of clutch size in the House Sparrow. The Condor. 97:197-207.. 1995.
Seasonal biogeochemical patterns in surface water, subsurface hyporheic, and riparian ground water in a temperate stream ecosystem. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie. 134(4):459-490.. 1995.
Shifts in benthic algal community structure and function following the appearance of Zebra Mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) in Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 21(4):558-566.. 1995.
Temperature effects on kinetics of microbial respiration and net nitrogen and sulfur mineralization. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 59:233-240.. 1995.
Using the landscape ecosystem approach to assess species and ecosystem diversity. Conservation Biology. 9(5):1148-1158.. 1995.
Variability in early height growth rate of forest trees: implications for retrospective studies of stand dynamics. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 25:767-776.. 1995.
Variable performance of outbreak defoliators on aspen clones exposed to elevated CO2 and O3. Proceedings of the 1995 Meeting of the Northern Global Change Program. USDA General Technical Report NE-214:1-14.. 1995.
Wet deposition of mercury in Michigan: meteorological associations and spatial variability. Doctor of Philosophy:265pp... 1995.
Above- and belowground response of Populus grandidentata to elevated atmospheric CO2 and soil N availability. Plant and Soil. 165:45-51.. 1994.
Acclimation of photosynthetic phenotype to environmental heterogeneity. Ecology. 75(2):301-314.. 1994.
Alarm responses in the crayfish Orconectes virilis and Orconectes propinquus. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 20(7):1525-1535.. 1994.
Antipredator behavior of newly metamorphosed American Toads (Bufo a. americanus), and mechanisms of hunting by eastern garter snakes (Thamnophis s. sirtalis). Herpetologica. 50(2):137-145.. 1994.
Are evolutionary tradeoffs evident in responses of benthic diatoms to nutrients? Proceedings of the 13th International Diatom Symposium. :71-81.. 1994.
Belowground responses to rising atmospheric CO2: implications for plants, soil biota and ecosystem processes. Plant and Soil. 165:1-6.. 1994.
Between-site variation in suitability of Salix cordata as a host for Altica subplicata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Great Lakes Entomologist. 26(4):253-261.. 1994.
Beyond monogamy: territory quality influences sexual advertisement in male burying beetles. Animal Behaviour. 48:1043-1047.. 1994.
Biology of the genus Hemileuca (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) in Michigan. Great Lakes Entomologist. 27(4):197-207.. 1994.
Breeding biology of House Sparrows in northern lower Michigan. The Wilson Bulletin. 106(3):537-548.. 1994.
Changes in O horizon mass, thickness and carbon content following fire in northern hardwood forests. Vegetatio. 115:41-50.. 1994.
Diapause dynamics and host plant utilization of Colias philodice, Colias interior and their hybrids (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Great Lakes Entomologist. 27(2):79-88.. 1994.
Effect of intraspecific crowding on growth rates in three terrestrial snail species. Doctor of Philosophy:101pp... 1994.
Effects of a specialist herbivore (Altica subplicata) on Salix cordata and sand dune succession. Ecological Monographs. 64(4):423-445.. 1994.
Effects of herbivory and genotype on growth and survivorship of sand-dune willow (Salix cordata). Ecological Entomology. 19:303-309.. 1994.
An evaluation of Douglas Lake, Cheboygan County, Michigan, U.S.A., as suitable habitat for the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha). Master of Science:39pp... 1994.
Feeding patterns and attachment ability of Altica subplicata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on sand-dune willow. Great Lakes Entomologist. 27(2):89-101.. 1994.
Female colour polymorphism in damselflies: failure to reject the null hypothesis. Animal Behaviour. 47:1249-1266.. 1994.
Genotype-specific effects of elevated CO2 on fecundity in wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum). Oecologia. 97:100-105.. 1994.
Hydrostatic stability of fish with swim bladders: not all fish are unstable. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 72:1149-1154.. 1994.
Independent and interactive effects of nutrients and grazers on benthic algal community structure. Hydrobiologia. 291:201-209.. 1994.
Interspecific competition and the evolution of communal breeding in burying beetles. The American Midlands Naturalist. 131:169-174.. 1994.
Interspecific competition, brood parasitism, and the evolution of biparental cooperation in burying beetles. Oikos. 69:241-249.. 1994.
A Mechanistic Understanding of Bioavailability: Physical-Chemical Interactions. Pellston Workshop on a Mechanistic Understanding of Bioavailability: Physical, Chemical and Biological Interactions: 17-22 August 1992.. 1994.
The Michigan impact monitoring system: baseline survey final report. Technical Report 94-2:35pp... 1994.
Periphyton patch preference in grazing chironomid larvae. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 13(1):89-99.. 1994.
Periphyton responses to a hydraulic gradient in a regulated river in New Zealand. Freshwater Biology. 32:49-59.. 1994.
Responses of two trophic levels to patch enrichment along a New Zealand stream continuum. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. 28(2):119-134.. 1994.
Sap-feeding and its consequences for reproductive success and communication in Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers (Sphyrapicus varius). Doctor of Philosophy:110pp... 1994.
The significance of color change in newly metamorphosed American toads (Bufo a. americanus). Journal of Herpetology. 28(1):87-93.. 1994.
Song sharing, song dialects and reproductive success in Bobolinks (Dolichonyx oryzivorus). Doctor of Philosophy:146pp... 1994.
Spatial and temporal patterns of soil water in upland forests along a productivity gradient in northern lower Michigan: generating mechanisms and implications for species diversity. Doctor of Philosophy:230pp... 1994.
Species enrichment in a transitional landscape, northern lower Michigan. Canadian Journal of Botany. 72:217-226.. 1994.
Spectrophotometric analysis of nectar production in Silene vulgaris (Caryophyllaceae). American Journal of Botany. 81(1):60-64.. 1994.
Studying the effects of air pollution on forest along exposure gradients: experiences in the United States and opportunities for cooperation. Climate and Atmospheric Deposition Studies in Forests. :109-115.. 1994.
Sulfate adsorption in forest soils of the Great Lakes region. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 58:1546-1555.. 1994.
Using GIS for local groundwater protection: a case study. Master of Science:23pp... 1994.
White pine seed-tree legacies in an aspen landscape: influences on post-disturbance white pine population structure. Forest Ecology and Management. 67:191-201.. 1994.
Aggregations of newly metamorphosed Bufo americanus: tests of two hypotheses. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 71:334-338.. 1993.
Augmenting small populations of plovers: an assessment of cross-fostering and captive-rearing. Conservation Biology. 7(1):160-168.. 1993.
Brood discrimination, nest mate discrimination, and determinants of social behavior in facultatively quasisocial beetles (Nicrophorus spp.). Behavioral Ecology. 4(4):332-339.. 1993.
Cation and anion fluxes in northern hardwood throughfall along an acidic deposition gradient. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 23:457-467.. 1993.
Chemical communication in freshwater snails: behavioral responses of Physa parkeri to mucous trails of P. parkeri (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) and Campeloma decisum (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia). Malacological Review. 26:9-14.. 1993.
Color morphs of the crayfish Orconectes virilis. The American Midlands Naturalist. 129:182-199.. 1993.
The demography of fine roots in response to patches of water and nitrogen. New Phytologist. 125:575-580.. 1993.
Detecting the increased eutrophication rate of Douglas Lake, Michigan: the relative areal hypolimnetic oxygen deficit method. Lake and Reservoir Management. 8(1):73-76.. 1993.
Do aggregating frogs benefit from increased vigilance? Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society. 28(1):4-7.. 1993.
Ecological classification and analysis of the wetland ecosystems of the University of Michigan Biological Station, northern lower Michigan. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:109pp... 1993.
Effects of microclimate and plant characteristics on the distribution of a willow flea beetle, Altica subplicata. The American Midlands Naturalist. 130:193-208.. 1993.
The effects of nutrients on periphyton. Doctor of Philosophy:98pp... 1993.
Egg attendance and brooding by males of the giant water bug Lethocerus medius (Guerin) in the field (Heteroptera: Belostomatidae). Journal of Insect Behavior. 6(1):93-106.. 1993.
Elevated atmospheric CO2 and feedback between carbon and nitrogen cycles. Plant and Soil. 151:105-117.. 1993.
Factors influential on periphyton in acidic lakes. Doctor of Philosophy:142pp... 1993.
Foliar nutrients in sugar maple forests along a regional pollution-climate gradient. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 57:1619-1628.. 1993.
Freshwater snails of the University of Michigan Biological Station area. Walkerana. 6(15):1-218.. 1993.
Microbial ecology of the hyporheic zone: a perspective integrating hydrology and biology. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 12(1):70-78.. 1993.
Movement behavior of Altica subplicata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): effects of plant characteristics on patterns of adult movement. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society. 66(3):310-318.. 1993.
Movement behavior of Altica subplicata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): larval orientation and movement. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society. 66(1):86-96.. 1993.
Natural regeneration of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) and red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.). Doctor of Philosophy:192pp... 1993.
Nest-site preference in male fathead minnows, Pimephales promelas. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 71:1276-1279.. 1993.
Observing soil biota in situ. Geoderma. 56:25-36.. 1993.
Perspectives on defining and delineating hyporheic zones. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 12(1):61-69.. 1993.
Phenotypic variation of Chinese aspens and their relationships to similar taxa in Europe and North America. Canadian Journal of Botany. 71:799-815.. 1993.
Polyploid chromosome numbers in the Torquis group of the freshwater snail genus Gyraulus (Mollusca: Pulmonata: Planorbidae). Cytologia. 58:145-149.. 1993.
Rat songs of Cedarville: zoologists at work. 17(1):6-12.. 1993.
Relative importance of microbes versus macroinvertebrate shredders in the process of leaf decay in lakes of differing pH. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 50:2707-2712.. 1993.
The repeatability of stem exclusion during even-aged development of bigtooth aspen dominated forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 23:1156-1168.. 1993.
The role of intraguild predation, vertebrate predation, and dispersal in the organization of zooplankton communities. Doctor of Philosophy:192pp... 1993.
Site characteristics and demography of Asplenium scolopendrium var. americana at two sites in Michigan. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:48pp... 1993.
Southern Michigan's snow belt: modelled impacts on soil temperatures and freezing. Proceedings of the 50th Eastern Snow Conference. :247-253.. 1993.
Substrate choice and predation risk in newly metamorphosed American Toads Bufo americanus: an experimental analaysis. The American Midlands Naturalist. 130:184-192.. 1993.
Suggestions of biotic niche constraints from the distribution of Leptodora kindti. Verhandlungen der Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie. 25:312-317.. 1993.
Taxonomy, ultrastructure and systematic position of Meridion lineare D.M. Williams (Bacillariophyceae). Nova Hedwigia. 57:381-391.. 1993.
Terrestrial gastropods of Mackinac Island, Michigan, U.S.A. Walkerana. 7(17/18):47-53.. 1993.
Using roots in sustainable agriculture. Chemistry and Industry. 4:14-17.. 1993.
The vertical development of early successional forests in northern Michigan, USA. Ecology. 81:271-285.. 1993.
Arion hortensis s.s., an introduced slug in Michigan. Walkerana. 6(16):245-246.. 1992.
Bacterial dynamics near the groundwater-surface water interface (hyporheic zone) beneath a sandy-bed, third-order stream in northern Michigan. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Ground Water Ecology. :27-35.. 1992.
Behavioral anti-predator strategies in newly-metamorphosed American toads (Bufo americanus) in response to predation risk by Eastern garter snakes (Thamnophis sirtalis). Doctor of Philosophy:124pp... 1992.
A comparison of presettlement and present-day forests on two bigtooth aspen-dominated landscapes in northern Lower Michigan. The American Midlands Naturalist. 127:327-338.. 1992.
Distribution patterns and interthalline interactions of epiphytic foliose lichens. Canadian Journal of Botany. 70:818-823.. 1992.
Ecology of the bagworm moth Psyche casta. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:38pp... 1992.
The effect of the branchiobdellid annelid Cambarincola fallax on the growth rate and condition of the crayfish Orconectes rusticus. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 7(2):165-171.. 1992.
The effects of early experience on the development, behavior, and survival of shorebirds. Doctor of Philosophy:109pp... 1992.
Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus on the endosymbiont load of Rhopalodia gibba and Epithemia turgida (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology. 28:773-777.. 1992.
Effects of substrate, light, and benthic invertebrates on algal drift in small streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 11(1):49-59.. 1992.
Egg-eating by female Brown-headed Cowbirds. The Condor. 94:579-584.. 1992.
Foliar sulfur and nitrogen along an 800-km pollution gradient. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 22:1761-1769.. 1992.
Groundwater-surface water interactions and the distributions of aquatic macrophytes. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Ground Water Ecology. :247-255.. 1992.
Habitaat and reproductive success of piping plover nesting on Great Lakes islands. The Wilson Bulletin. 104(1):155-161.. 1992.
Habitat and reproductive success of Piping Plovers nesting on Great Lakes islands. The Wilson Bulletin. 104(1):155-161.. 1992.