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Zdeba TW, White DS.  1985.  Ecology of the zoobenthos of southeastern Lake Michigan near the D. C. Cook nuclear power plant. Part 4: Pisidiidae. :85pp..
Heatwole HFranklin, Davis DM.  1965.  Ecology of three sympatric species of parasitic insects of the genus Megarhyssa (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Ecology. 46:140-150.
Jr. JLTate.  1970.  Economic aspects of foraging by the Yellow-bellied Sapsucker. Conservation Circular. 8:1-3.
Kubiske ME, Pregitzer KS.  1997.  Ecophysiological responses to simulated canopy gaps of two tree species of contrasting shade tolerance in elevated CO2. Functional Ecology. 11(1):24-32.
Zimmerman EA.  2003.  Ecosystem mediated occurrence and recruitment of Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra L.) in northern lower Michigan. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:163pp..
O'Connor RP.  2002.  Ecosystem mediated succession in aspen-dominated forests of northern lower Michigan. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:132pp..
Schmid HPeter, Su H-B, Vogel CS, Curtis PS.  2003.  Ecosystem-atmosphere exchange of carbon dioxide over a mixed hardwood forest in northern lower Michigan. Journal of Geophysical Research. 108(D14):19pp.
Smits MM.  2005.  Ectomycorrhizal fungi and biogeochemical cycles of boreal forests. Doctor of Philosophy:121pp..
McCormick PV, Pratt JR, Jr. JCairns.  1986.  Effect of 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol on the structure and function of protozoan communities established on artificial substrates. Community Toxicity Testing. Special Technical Publication 920:224-240.
Parody JM, Cuthbert FJean, Decker EH.  2001.  The effect of 50 years of landscape change on species richness and community composition. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 10:305-313.
Jr. JCairns, Jr. WHYongue.  1973.  The effect of an influx of new species on the diversity of protozoan communities. Revista de Biologia. 9:187-206.
La Rue CD.  1936.  The effect of auxin on the abscission of petioles. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 22:254-259.
Katz D.  2015.  The effect of biotic interactions on latitudinal range expansion of plant species in response to climate change. School of Natural Resources and Environment.
Batac-Catalan Z, White DS.  1984.  Effect of chromium on larval Chironomidae as determined by the optical-fiber light-interrruption biomonitoring system. Aquatic Toxicology and Hazard Assessment: Sixth Symposium. Special Technical Publication 802:469-481.
Genter RB.  1983.  The effect of different initial colonists on the outcome of periphyton succession in a small stream. Master of Science:51pp..
Adams JAnn.  2003.  The effect of enriched-atmospheric CO2 on carbon and energy cycling in headwater stream ecosystems: crayfish-leaf litter interactions. Doctor of Philosophy:140pp..
Kingsolver JG.  1981.  The effect of environmental uncertainty on morphological design and fluid balance in Sarracenia purpurea L. Oecologia. 48:364-370.
Lang BZ.  1970.  The effect of Fasciola hepatica infection in mice as determined by WBC leves, pathology, and mortality. Experiments and Techniques in Parasitology. :104-106.
Lowe RL, R. Hunter D.  1988.  Effect of grazing by Physa integra on periphyton community structure. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 7(1):29-36.
Coburn HR, Dean DL.  1931.  The effect of increased activities and change in mode of transportation upon the distribution of introduced species in the vicinity of Douglas Lake, Michigan. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 57:339-346.
Pearce TAllen.  1994.  Effect of intraspecific crowding on growth rates in three terrestrial snail species. Doctor of Philosophy:101pp..
Gates FC, Woollett EC.  1926.  The effect of inundation above a beaver dam upon upland vegetation. Torreya. 26:45-50.
Henebry MS, Jr. JCairns.  1980.  The effect of island size, distance and epicenter maturity on colonization in freshwater protozoan communities. The American Midlands Naturalist. 104:80-92.
Jr. REFarmer.  1963.  Effect of light intensity on growth of Populus tremuloides cuttings under two temperature regimes. Ecology. 44(2):409-411.
Freyman MJ.  2008.  The effect of litter accumulation of the invasive cattail Typha x glauca on a Great Lakes coastal marsh. Department of Biology. Master's Thesis:182.
Burton AJames, Zogg GP, Pregitzer KS, Zak DR.  1997.  Effect of measurement CO2 concentration on sugar maple root respiration. Tree Physiology. 17:421-427.
Patton SR, Southern WEdward.  1978.  The effect of nocturnal red fox predation on the nesting success of colonial gulls. 1978 Colonial Waterbird Group Conference. 1:91-101.
Gerstner C.L.  2007.  Effect of oral suction and other friction-enhancing behaviors on the station-holding performance of suckermouth catfish (Hypostomus spp.). Canadian Journal of Zoology. 85:1330140.
Wilson DSloan.  1983.  The effect of population structure on the evolution of mutualism: a field test involving burying beetles and their phoretic mites. The American Naturalist. 121:851-870.
Zahner R, De Byle NValentine.  1965.  Effect of pruning the parent root on growth of aspen suckers. Ecology. 46:373-375.
Kilburn PD.  1960.  Effect of settlement on the vegetation of the University of Michigan Biological Station. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 45:77-81.
Kuehn FWoodcock..  1973.  The effect of site and precipitation on fiber length in bigtooth aspen. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:48pp..
Maeglin RRiemeyer.  1974.  The effect of site factors and growth rate on the anatomical proportions of northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) wood. School of Natural Resources. Doctor of Philosophy:156pp..
Henebry MS, Jr. JCairns.  1980.  The effect of source pool maturity on the process of island colonization: an experimental approach with protozoan communities. Oikos. 35:107-114.
F. Lyman E.  1944.  Effect of temperature on the emergence of mayfly imagoes from the subimago stage. Entomological News. 55:113-115.
Keller TAllen.  1992.  The effect of the branchiobdellid annelid Cambarincola fallax on the growth rate and condition of the crayfish Orconectes rusticus. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 7(2):165-171.
Karowe DN, Golston V.  2006.  Effect of the cardenolide digitoxin on performance of gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) caterpillars. Great Lakes Entomologist. 39:34-39.
Edburg S.L, Stock D., Lamb B.K, Patton E.G.  2012.  The Effect of the Vertical Source Distribution on Scalar Statistics within and above a Forest Canopy. Boundary-Layer Meteorology. 142(3):365-382.
La Rue CD.  1942.  The effect of wounding, of wound hormones and of growth hormones on rhizoid formation in mosses and liverworts. The Bryologist. 45:35-39.
Havens K, Jolls CL, Marik JE, Vitt P, A. McEachern K, Kind D..  2012.  Effects of a non-native biocontrol weevil, Larinus planus, and other emerging threats on populations of the federally threatened Pitcher’s thistle, Cirsium pitcheri. Biological Conservation. 155:202-211.
Bach CE.  1994.  Effects of a specialist herbivore (Altica subplicata) on Salix cordata and sand dune succession. Ecological Monographs. 64(4):423-445.
Jr. JCairns, Hart KM, Henebry MS.  1980.  The effects of a sublethal dose of copper sulfate on the colonization rate of freshwater protozoan communities. The American Midlands Naturalist. 104:93-101.
Hua O..  1990.  Effects of acid deposition on nitrogen mineralization in forest soils of the Great Lakes region. Department of Forestry. Master of Science:66pp..
Francoeur SN, Lowe RL.  1998.  Effects of ambient ultraviolet radiation on littoral periphyton: biomass accrual and taxon-specific responses. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 13(1):29-37.
Witter JA.  1991.  Effects of an air pollution gradient on northern hardwood forests in the northern Great Lakes region. :54pp..
Witter JA.  1988.  Effects of an air pollution gradient on northern hardwood forests in the northern Great Lakes region.
Angeloni NL, Jankowski KJo, Tuchman NCrandall, Kelly JJ.  2006.  Effects of an invasive cattail species (Typha x glauca) on sediment nitrogen and microbial community composition in a freshwater wetland. FEMS Microbiology Letters. 263(1):86-92.
Wetzel RG, Tuchman NCrandall.  2005.  Effects of atmospheric CO2 enrichment and sunlight on degradation of plant particulate and dissolved organic matter and microbial utilization. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie. 162(3):287-308.
Giesy JP, Edgar ALee.  1970.  Effects of automobile exhaust on forest litter invertebrates. The Michigan Academician. 3(2):27-31.
Kukor JJulius.  1979.  Effects of bark and sapwood microorganisms on development of Hypoxylon canker of aspen. Doctor of Philosophy:107pp..
Jurcak AM, Gauthier SJ, Moore PA.  2015.  The Effects of Biodiesel and Crude Oil on the Foraging Behavior of Rusty Crayfish, Orconectes rusticus. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 69(4):557-565.
La Roche VEloise.  1984.  The effects of botfly parasitism of some life history parameters of two populations of eastern chipmunks in northern Michigan. Department of Biology. Master of Science:57pp..
Forschner DC.  1990.  Effects of brood-size manipulations on parental investment of House Sparrows (Passer domesticus) in northern lower Michigan. Denison University Bulletin, Journal of the Scientific Laboratories. 26:20-29.
Su H, Schmid HPeter, Vogel CS, Curtis PS.  2008.  Effects of canopy morphology and thermal stability on mean flow and turbulence statistics observed inside a mixed hardwood forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 148(6-7):862-882.
Scheuermann CM, Nave LE, Fahey RT, Nadelhoffer KJ, Gough CM.  2018.  Effects of canopy structure and species diversity on primary production in upper Great Lakes forests. Oecologia. 18842211098218217142537632627632815132609242981265014892535430649351639730292051897617728313279669172151496619199815257(2):405-415.
Pringle CMann.  1985.  Effects of chironomid (Insecta: Diptera) tube-building activities on stream diatom communities. Journal of Phycology. 21:185-194.
Richardson CJ, Lund JA.  1975.  Effects of clear-cutting on nutrient losses in aspen forests on three soil types in Michigan. Mineral Cycling in Southeastern Forest Ecosystems. :673-686.
Karowe DN.  2010.  Effects of Climate Change on Terrestrial Communities. The Changing Environment of Northern Michigan: A Century of Science and Nature at the University of Michigan Biological Station. :188-195.
Adams JA, Tuchman NC, Moore PA.  2005.  Effects of CO 2 -altered detritus on growth and chemically mediated decisions in crayfish ( Procambarus clarkii ). Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 24(2):330-345.
Williams EL, Walter LM, Ku TCW, Kling GW, Zak DR.  2003.  Effects of CO2 and nutrient availability on mineral weathering in controlled tree growth experiments. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 17(2):12pp.
Tuchman NCrandall.  1988.  Effects of different intensities and frequencies of disturbance by snail herbivory on periphyton succession. Doctor of Philosophy:220pp..
Gannon JEdward.  1976.  The effects of differential digestion rates of zooplankton by alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus, on determinations of selective feeding. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 105(1):89-95.
Powell ANeva.  1992.  The effects of early experience on the development, behavior, and survival of shorebirds. Doctor of Philosophy:109pp..
Wahtera KA.  2001.  The effects of elevated atmopsheric carbon dioxide on plant foliar chemistry, and subsequent effects on aquatic leaf decomposition, microbial activity, and detritivore growth. Master of Science:73pp..
Reitz S.R, Karowe DN, Diawara M.M, Trumble J.T.  1997.  Effects of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide on the growth and linear furanocoumarin content of celery. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 45:3642-3646.
Barbehenn RV, Karowe DN, Spickard A.  2004.  Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 on the nutritional ecology of C3 and C4 grass-feeding caterpillars. Oecologia. 140:86-95.
Kubiske ME, Pregitzer KS.  1996.  Effects of elevated CO2 and light availability on the photosynthetic light response of trees of contrasting shade tolerance. Tree Physiology. 16:351-358.
Beiswenger REdwin, Test FH.  1966.  Effects of environmental temperature on movements of tadpoles of the American Toad, Bufo terrestris americanus. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 51:127-141.
Gannon JEdward.  1972.  Effects of eutrophication and fish predation on recent changes in zooplankton crustacea species composition in Lake Michigan. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. 91:82-84.
Keyport S, Carson BD, Johnson O, Lawrence BA, Lishawa SC, Tuchman NC, Kelly JJ.  2018.  Effects of experimental harvesting of an invasive hybrid cattail on wetland structure and function. Restoration Ecology. 36(21)
Keyport S, Carson BD, Johnson O, Lawrence BA, Lishawa SC, Tuchman NC, Kelly JJ.  2019.  Effects of experimental harvesting of an invasive hybrid cattail on wetland structure and function. Restoration Ecology. 27(2):389-398.
Sommers LA.  1989.  The effects of female age and habitat variation on the nesting success of Tree Swallows. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:42pp..
He L, Ivanov VY, Bohrer G, Maurer KD, Vogel CS, Moghaddam M.  2014.  Effects of fine-scale soil moisture and canopy heterogeneity on energy and water fluxes in a northern temperate mixed forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 184:243-256.
Adams PWilliam, Boyle JR.  1980.  Effects of fire on soil nutrients in clearcut and whole-tree harvest sites in central Michigan. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 44:847-850.
Zuk M.  1987.  The effects of gregarine parasites, body size, and time of day on spermatophore production and sexual selection in field crickets. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 21:65-72.
Zuk M.  1987.  The effects of gregarine parasites on longevity, weight loss, fecundity and developmental time in the field crickets Gryllus veletis and G. pennsylvanicus. Ecological Entomology. 12:349-354.
Jr. JCairns, Paterson RA.  1971.  The effects of heated waste waters upon microbial communities. Water Resources Research in Virginia. 46:121-126.
Bach CE.  1994.  Effects of herbivory and genotype on growth and survivorship of sand-dune willow (Salix cordata). Ecological Entomology. 19:303-309.
Bach CE.  1988.  Effects of host plant patch size on herbivore density: underlying mechanisms. Ecology. 69:1103-1117.
Pan Y, Lowe RL.  1995.  The effects of hydropsychid colonization on algal response to nutrient enrichment in a small Michigan stream, U.S.A. Freshwater Biology. 33:393-400.
Thomas PM, Legault RO.  1967.  The effects of industrial wastes from Charmin Paper Products Company on fish of the Cheboygan River drainage system. Water Research. 1:217-229.
Dickson KL, Jr. JCairns, Gregg BC, Messenger DI, Plafkin JL, van der Schalie WHenry.  1977.  Effects of intermittent chlorination on aquatic organisms and communities. Journal of Water Pollution Control Federation. 49:35-44.
Lyon JGrimson, Drobney RD, Jr. CEOlson.  1986.  Effects of Lake Michigan water levels on wetland soil chemistry and distribution of plants in the Straits of Mackinac. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 12(3):175-183.
Jr. JCairns, van der Schalie WHenry, Westlake G.F.  1975.  The effects of lapsed time since feeding upon the toxicity of zinc to fish. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 13(3):269-274.
Fairchild GWinfield.  1980.  Effects of littoral conditions on the distribution, behavior, and population dynamics of a filter feeding microcrustacean: Sida crystallina. Doctor of Philosophy:152pp..
Kilburn PD.  1960.  Effects of logging and fire on xerophytic forests in northern Michigan. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 87:402-405.
Lang BZ, Rachford FW, Gleason L.N.  1970.  Effects of Metagonimoides oregonenis Price, 1931 (Trematoda: Heterophyidae) and Mosesia chordeilesia McMullen 1936 (Trematoda: Lecithodendriidae) on Goniobasis proxima (Say) (Gastropoda: Pleuroceridae) in North Carolina. Journal of Parasitology. 56:836-838.
Bach CE.  1993.  Effects of microclimate and plant characteristics on the distribution of a willow flea beetle, Altica subplicata. The American Midlands Naturalist. 130:193-208.
Hussey KL.  1973.  Effects of microsporidan infection on larval trematodes: infection with Nosema strigeoideae or N. echinostomi. Journal of invertebrate pathology. 22:193-198.
Ibáñez I, McCarthy-Neumann S.  2016.  Effects of mycorrhizal fungi on tree seedling growth: quantifying the parasitism–mutualism transition along a light gradient. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 46(1):48-57.
Ibáñez I, McCarthy-Neumann SM.  2015.  Effects of mycorrhizal fungi on tree seedling growth: quantifying the parasitism-mutualism transition along a light gradient. Canadian Journal of Forest Research.
Glenn ALorraine.  1995.  Effects of natural and artificial defoliation, fertilization and genotype on growth and mortality of sand-dune willow (Salix cordata). Master of Science:68pp..
Culbert RA.  1990.  The effects of nest visibility and nest crypticness on crow predation of Killdeer nests. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:23pp..
Southern WEdward, Patton SR, Southern LK, Hanners LA.  1985.  Effects of nine years of fox predation on two species of breeding gulls. The Auk. 102:827-833.
E. Jr. RHunt, Weber JA, Gates DM.  1985.  Effects of nitrate application on Amaranthus powellii Wats. I. Changes in photosynthesis, growth rates, and leaf area. Plant Physiology. 79:609-613.
E. Jr. RHunt, Weber JA, Gates DM.  1985.  Effects of nitrate application on Amaranthus powellii Wats. II. Stomatal response to vapor pressure difference is consistent with optimization of stomatal conductance. Plant Physiology. 79:614-618.
E. Jr. RHunt, Weber JA, Gates DM.  1985.  Effects of nitrate application on Amaranthus powellii Wats. III. Optimal allocation of leaf nitrogen for photosynthesis and stomatal conductance. Plant Physiology. 79:619-624.
DeYoe HR, Lowe RL, Marks JC.  1992.  Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus on the endosymbiont load of Rhopalodia gibba and Epithemia turgida (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology. 28:773-777.
Stelzer RS, Lamberti GA.  2001.  Effects of N:P ratio and total nutrient concentration on stream periphyton community structure, biomass, and elemental composition. Limnology and Oceanography. 46(2):356-367.
Guiamet JJ, Teeri JA, Nooden LD.  1990.  Effects of nuclear and cytoplasmic genes altering chlorophyll loss on gas exchange during monocarpic senescence in soybean. Plant and Cell Physiology. 31(8):1123-1130.