Atmospheric cloud water contains a diverse bacterial community

TitleAtmospheric cloud water contains a diverse bacterial community
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsKourtev PS, Hill K.A, Shepson PB, Konopka A
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume45
Issue30
Pagination5399 - 5405
Date Published9/2011
KeywordsMICROBES
Abstract

Atmospheric cloud water contains an active microbial community which can impact climate, human health and ecosystem processes in terrestrial and aquatic systems. Most studies on the composition of microbial communities in clouds have been performed with orographic clouds that are typically in direct contact with the ground. We collected water samples from cumulus clouds above the upper U.S. Midwest. The cloud water was analyzed for the diversity of bacterial phylotypes by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons. DGGE analyses of bacterial communities detected 17–21 bands per sample. Sequencing confirmed the presence of a diverse bacterial community; sequences from seven bacterial phyla were retrieved. Cloud water bacterial communities appeared to be dominated by members of the cyanobacteria, proteobacteria, actinobacteria and firmicutes.

DOI10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.06.041