Clonal variation in above- and below-ground growth responses of Populus tremuloides Michaux : Influence of soil warming and nutrient availability

TitleClonal variation in above- and below-ground growth responses of Populus tremuloides Michaux : Influence of soil warming and nutrient availability
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsKing JS, Pregitzer KS, Zak DR
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume217
Issue1/2
Pagination119 - 130
KeywordsSOILS
Abstract

Trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) is the most widely distributed tree species in North America making it important to terrestrial carbon and nutrient cycles. Due to anthropogenic climate change high latitude temperatures are expected to increase, making it necessary to assess the feedback between above- and below-ground carbon pools to increased temperature at sites of both high and low N-availability. We grew four clones of aspen at two levels of soil temperature and two levels of soil N-availability for 98 days and quantified photosynthesis, growth, biomass allocation, and root length production and mortality. High soil temperature increased rates of photosynthesis (65%), resulting in greater whole-plant growth (37%) through increases in roots, stems, and foliage; however these increases generally occurred only in soil of high N-availability. Root:shoot biomass allocation varied between clones but was unaffected by the soil temperature or N-availability treatments. Root length production and mortality increased at elevated soil temperature, but this response was modified by soil N-availability. At high soil temperature, soil N-availability had little effect on root dynamics, while at low soil temperature, high soil N-availability increased both the production and mortality (turnover) of roots. We conclude that trembling aspen has the potential for substantially greater growth and root turnover under conditions of warmer soil at sites of both high and low N-availability, but that allometric patterns of growth are under strong genetic, rather than environmental control.

DOI10.1023/A:1004560311563