Effects of soil fertility and atmospheric CO2 enrichment on leaf, stem and root dark respiration of Populus tremuloides

TitleEffects of soil fertility and atmospheric CO2 enrichment on leaf, stem and root dark respiration of Populus tremuloides
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsWang X.Z, Curtis PS, Vogel CS
JournalPedosphere
Volume11
Issue3
Pagination199-208
KeywordsSOILS
Abstract

An open-top chamber experiment was conducted at UMBS near Pellston, Michigan, USA, to study the effects of soil fertility and CO2 on leaf, stem and root dark respiration (Rd) of Populus tremuloides. Overall, area-based daytime leaf Rd (Rda) was significantly greater at elevated than at ambient CO2 in high-fertility soil, but not in low-fertility soil. Mass-based leaf Rd (Rdm) was overall greater for high- than for low-fertility soil grown trees at elevated, but not at ambient CO2. Nighttime leaf Rda and Rdm were unaffected by soil fertility or CO2, nor was stem Rda, which ranged from 1.0 to 1.4 umol/m2/s in the spring and 3.5 to 4.5 umol/m2/s in the summer. Root Rda was significantly higher in high- than in low-fertility soil, but was unaffected by CO2. Since biomass production of P. tremuloides will be significantly greater at elevated CO2 while specific Rd will either increase or remain unchanged, we predict that carbon loss to the atmosphere through respiration from this ecologically important species would increase at higher CO2. Soil fertility would also interact with elevated CO2 in affecting the carbon flow in the plant-soil-air system.