|Title||Estimating plot-level tree structure in a deciduous forest by combining allometric equations, spatial wavelet analysis and airborne LiDAR|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Garrity SR, Meyer K, Maurer KD, Hardiman B, Bohrer G|
|Journal||Remote Sensing Letters|
|Pagination||443 - 451|
Object-oriented classification methods are increasingly used to derive plant-level structural information from high-resolution remotely sensed data from plant canopies. However, many automated, object-based classification approaches perform poorly in deciduous forests compared with coniferous forests. Here, we test the performance of the automated spatial wavelet analysis (SWA) algorithm for estimating plot-level canopy structure characteristics from a light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data set obtained from a northern mixed deciduous forest. Plot-level SWA-derived and co-located ground-based measurements of tree diameter at breast height (DBH) were linearly correlated when canopy cover was low (correlation coefficient (r) = 0.80) or moderate (r = 0.68), but were statistically unrelated when canopy cover was high. SWA-estimated crown diameters were not significantly correlated with allometrically based estimates of crown diameter. Our results show that, when combined with allometric equations, SWA can be useful for estimating deciduous forest structure information from LiDAR in forests with low to moderate (<175% projected canopy area/ground area) levels of canopy cover.