Interactive effects of light, leaf temperature, CO2 and O2 on photosynthesis in soybean

TitleInteractive effects of light, leaf temperature, CO2 and O2 on photosynthesis in soybean
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1985
AuthorsHarley P.C, Weber JA, Gates DM

A biochemical model of C3 photosynthesis has been developed by G.D. Farquhar et al. (1980, Planta 149, 78-90) based on Michaelis-Menten kinetics of ribulose-1,5-biphosphate (RuBP) carboxylase-oxygenase, with a potential RuBP limitation imposed via the Calvin cycle and rates of electron transport. The model presented here is slightly modified so that parameters may be estimated from whole-leaf gas-exchange measurements. Carbon-dioxide response curves of net photosynthesis obtained using soybean plants (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) at four partial pressures of oxygen and five leaf temperatures are presented, and a method for estimating the kinetic parameters of RuBP carboxylase-oxygenase, as manifested in vivo, is discussed. The kinetic parameters so obtained compare well with kinetic parameters obtained in vitro, and the model fits to the measured data give r2 values ranging from 0.87 to 0.98. In addition, equations developed by J.D. Tenhunen et al. (1976, Oecologia 26, 89-100, 101-109) to describe the light and temperature responses of measured CO2-saturated photosynthetic rates are applied to data collected on soybean. Combining these equations with those describing the kinetics of RuBP carboxylase-oxygenase allows one to model successfully the interactive effects of incident irradiance, leaf temperature, CO2 and O2 on whole-leaf photosynthesis. This analytical model may become a useful tool for plant ecologists interested in comparing photosynthetic responses of different C3 plants or of a single species grown in contrasting environments.