|Title||Interstitial water patterns: a factor influencing the distributions of some lotic aquatic vascular macrophytes|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1988|
|Authors||Fortner SL, White DS|
The distributions of 9 species of aquatic vascular macrophytes were examined in relation to interstitial water patterns (based on temeprature) in the beds of three northern Michigan (U.S.A.) streams. Ranunculus septentrionalis Poir., Caltha palustris L. and Nasturtium officinale R.Br. were associated with areas of groundwater discharge. Sparganium chlorocarpum Rydb., Veronica catenata Penn., Potamogeton filiformis Pers. and P. richardsonii (Benn.) Rydb. occurred most often at the downstream end of a hyporheic zone (corresponding to the foot of a riffle) where interstitial water was of surface origin. Sagittaria latifolia Willd. occurred where interstitial temperatures were cool; the water origin was not determined. Potamogeton gramineus L. occurred most often where interstitial temperatures were warm, primarily at the upstream ends and middles of hyporheic zones (heads of riffles) in areas of surface-water infiltration. Complex patterns of interstitial water movement and related physicochemical complexity combined with differences in plant requirements, in part, may determine observed local distributions.