|Title||Response of Lake Michigan benthic algae to in situ enrichment with Si, N, and P|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1988|
|Authors||Jr. HJCarrick, Lowe RL|
|Journal||Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences|
The possibility that benthic algae in the nearshore area of Lake Michigan might be growth limited by Si was tested using nutrient-releasing substrata. Nutrient treatments were Si, N + P, Si + N + P, and controls (CONT) and were sampled after 7, 14, and 31 d of exposure. Addition of Si alone had little stimulatory effect on algal biomass, while enrichment with Si + N + P led to the greatest increase in chlorophyll a, particulate Si, total biovolume, and diatom biovolume after 14 d of incubation (P<0.0001). By day 31, communities on CONT and Si substrata exhibited little change in biomass and remained dominated by diatoms (98% of total biovolume), while algal biomass on both N + P and Si + N + P sustrata increased more than eightfold (P<0.0001) and consisted mainly of Stigeoclonium tenue (Chlorophyta) and Schizothrix calcicola (Cyanophyta). These results indicate that benthic diatoms in Lake Michigan are not currently limited by Si, but may become Si limited following enrichment with N + P.