Bibliography

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Book Chapter
Southern WEdward.  1988.  The earth's magnetic field as a navigational cue. Modern Bioelectricity. :35-74.
Colbert RJ.  1916.  An ecological study of the fish fauna of the Douglas Lake region (Michigan) with special reference to the mortality of the species. Miscellaneous Papers on the Zoology of Michigan. Publication 20(Biological Series 4):27-36.
McCormick PV, Pratt JR, Jr. JCairns.  1986.  Effect of 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol on the structure and function of protozoan communities established on artificial substrates. Community Toxicity Testing. Special Technical Publication 920:224-240.
Batac-Catalan Z, White DS.  1984.  Effect of chromium on larval Chironomidae as determined by the optical-fiber light-interrruption biomonitoring system. Aquatic Toxicology and Hazard Assessment: Sixth Symposium. Special Technical Publication 802:469-481.
Lang BZ.  1970.  The effect of Fasciola hepatica infection in mice as determined by WBC leves, pathology, and mortality. Experiments and Techniques in Parasitology. :104-106.
Richardson CJ, Lund JA.  1975.  Effects of clear-cutting on nutrient losses in aspen forests on three soil types in Michigan. Mineral Cycling in Southeastern Forest Ecosystems. :673-686.
Karowe DN.  2010.  Effects of Climate Change on Terrestrial Communities. The Changing Environment of Northern Michigan: A Century of Science and Nature at the University of Michigan Biological Station. :188-195.
Southwick EE, Gates DM.  1975.  Energetics of occupied hummingbird nests. Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology. :417-430.
Gates DM.  1976.  Energy exchange and transpiration. Water and Plant Life. :136-147.
Conference Proceedings
Barbour MT, Norton SB, H. Preston R, Thornton KW.  2004.  Ecological Assessment of Aquatic Resources: Linking Science to Decision-Making. Pellston Workshop on Ecological Assessment of Aquatic Resources: Applications, Implementations, and Communications: 16-21 September 2000. :272pp..
Reinert KH, Bartell SM, Biddinger GR.  1998.  Ecological Risk Assessment Decision-Support System: A Conceptual Design. Pellston Workshop on Ecological Risk Assessment Modlering: 23-28 August 1995. :120pp..
Patton SR, Southern WEdward.  1978.  The effect of nocturnal red fox predation on the nesting success of colonial gulls. 1978 Colonial Waterbird Group Conference. 1:91-101.
Journal Article
Jr. JCairns, Plafkin JL, Kaesler RL, Lowe RL.  1983.  Early colonization patterns of diatoms and protozoans in fourteen freshwater lakes. Journal of Protozoology. 30:47-51.
Van der Woude A, Cort WWalter, Ameel DJ.  1953.  The early development of the daughter sporocysts of the Strigeoidea (Trematoda). Journal of Parasitology. 39:38-44.
Cort WWalter, Van der Woude A, Ameel DJ.  1951.  Early developmental stages of strigeid mother sporocysts. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington. 18(1):5-9.
Cort WWalter, Olivier L.  1941.  Early developmental stages of strigeid trematodes in the first intermediate host. Journal of Parasitology. 27:493-504.
Welch PSmith.  1914.  The early stages of the life history of Polystoechotes punctatus Fabr. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society. 9:1-6.
Zahner R, Crawford NArnold.  1964.  Earlywood-latewood features of red pine grown under simulated drought and irrigation. Forest Science. 10:361-370.
Blanchard FNelson, M. Gilreath R, Blanchard FCobb.  1979.  The Eastern Ring-neck snake (Diadophis punctatus edwardsii) in northern Michigan, (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology. 13:377-402.
Jolls CL.  1986.  Ecological and evolutionary consequences of plant breeding systems: Silene vulgaris (the bladder campion). Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. 102(4):173(Abstr.
van der Schalie WHenry.  1975.  An ecological approach to rare and endangered species in the Great Lakes region. The Michigan Academician. 8:7-21.
Zogg GP, Barnes BVerne.  1995.  Ecological classification and analysis of wetland ecosystems, northern Lower Michigan, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 25:1865-1875.
Jr. JCairns.  1979.  Ecological considerations in reclaiming surface mined lands. Minerals and the Environment. 1(3):83-89.
Gannon JEdward, Howmiller R.P.  1973.  Ecological notes on paddlefish (Polyodon spathula) with short rostrums. The Michigan Academician. 6:217-222.
Hoeksema JD, Kummel M.  2003.  Ecological persistence of the plant-mycorrhizal mutualism: a hypothesis from species coexistence theory. The American Naturalist. 162:S40-S50.
Reighard J.  1913.  An ecological reconnoissance of the fishes of Douglas Lake, Cheboygan County, Michigan, in midsummer. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Fisheries. 33:215-249.
Eriksen CHedman.  1968.  Ecological significance of respiration and substrate for burrowing Ephemeroptera. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 46:93-103.
Stelzer RS, Lamberti GA.  2002.  Ecological stoichiometry in running waters: periphyton chemical composition and snail growth. Ecology. 83(4):1039-1051.
Cort WWalter, Brackett S, McMullen DB.  1937.  Ecological studies on the cercariae in Stagnicola emarginata angulata (Sowerby) in the Douglas Lake region, Michigan. Journal of Parasitology. 23:504-532.
Coburn HR, Grant GM, Dean DL.  1933.  An ecological study of Bryant's Bog, Cheboygan County, Michigan. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 17:57-65.
Sigler D, Woollett ML.  1926.  An ecological study of Hogback Bog, Cheboygan County, Michigan. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 6:295-302.
Dean DL, Coburn HR.  1928.  An ecological study of Linne Bog, Cheboygan County, Michigan, with special reference to Nemopanthus mucronata (L.) Trelease. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 8:87-96.
Goe L, Woollett EC, Erickson EE.  1924.  An ecological study of Mud Lake Bog, Cheboygan County, Michigan. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 4:297-310.
Woollett EC, Coburn HR, Dean DL.  1926.  An ecological study of Smith's Bog, Cheboygan County, Michigan. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 5:201-210.
Dutro R, Cohoe E.  1938.  An ecological study of Wolf's Bog, Cheboygan County, Michigan. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 41:87-95.
Blum JL.  1956.  The ecology of river algae. The Botanical Review. 22(5):291-341.
Winnell MH, White DS.  1984.  Ecology of shallow and deep water populations of Pontoporeia hoyi (Smith) (Amphipoda) in Lake Michigan. Freshwater Invertebrate Biology. 3(3):118-138.
Winnell MH, White DS.  1985.  Ecology of some Chironomidae (Diptera) from southeastern Lake Michigan, U.S.A. Transactions of the American Entomological Society. 111:279-359.
Smith S.G.  1973.  Ecology of the Scirpus lacustris complex in North America. Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii. 20:215-216.
Heatwole HFranklin, Davis DM.  1965.  Ecology of three sympatric species of parasitic insects of the genus Megarhyssa (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Ecology. 46:140-150.
Jr. JLTate.  1970.  Economic aspects of foraging by the Yellow-bellied Sapsucker. Conservation Circular. 8:1-3.
Kubiske ME, Pregitzer KS.  1997.  Ecophysiological responses to simulated canopy gaps of two tree species of contrasting shade tolerance in elevated CO2. Functional Ecology. 11(1):24-32.
Schmid HPeter, Su H-B, Vogel CS, Curtis PS.  2003.  Ecosystem-atmosphere exchange of carbon dioxide over a mixed hardwood forest in northern lower Michigan. Journal of Geophysical Research. 108(D14):19pp.
Parody JM, Cuthbert FJean, Decker EH.  2001.  The effect of 50 years of landscape change on species richness and community composition. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 10:305-313.
Jr. JCairns, Jr. WHYongue.  1973.  The effect of an influx of new species on the diversity of protozoan communities. Revista de Biologia. 9:187-206.
La Rue CD.  1936.  The effect of auxin on the abscission of petioles. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 22:254-259.
Kingsolver JG.  1981.  The effect of environmental uncertainty on morphological design and fluid balance in Sarracenia purpurea L. Oecologia. 48:364-370.
Lowe RL, R. Hunter D.  1988.  Effect of grazing by Physa integra on periphyton community structure. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 7(1):29-36.
Coburn HR, Dean DL.  1931.  The effect of increased activities and change in mode of transportation upon the distribution of introduced species in the vicinity of Douglas Lake, Michigan. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 57:339-346.
Gates FC, Woollett EC.  1926.  The effect of inundation above a beaver dam upon upland vegetation. Torreya. 26:45-50.
Henebry MS, Jr. JCairns.  1980.  The effect of island size, distance and epicenter maturity on colonization in freshwater protozoan communities. The American Midlands Naturalist. 104:80-92.
Jr. REFarmer.  1963.  Effect of light intensity on growth of Populus tremuloides cuttings under two temperature regimes. Ecology. 44(2):409-411.
Burton AJames, Zogg GP, Pregitzer KS, Zak DR.  1997.  Effect of measurement CO2 concentration on sugar maple root respiration. Tree Physiology. 17:421-427.
Gerstner C.L.  2007.  Effect of oral suction and other friction-enhancing behaviors on the station-holding performance of suckermouth catfish (Hypostomus spp.). Canadian Journal of Zoology. 85:1330140.
Wilson DSloan.  1983.  The effect of population structure on the evolution of mutualism: a field test involving burying beetles and their phoretic mites. The American Naturalist. 121:851-870.
Zahner R, De Byle NValentine.  1965.  Effect of pruning the parent root on growth of aspen suckers. Ecology. 46:373-375.
Kilburn PD.  1960.  Effect of settlement on the vegetation of the University of Michigan Biological Station. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 45:77-81.
Henebry MS, Jr. JCairns.  1980.  The effect of source pool maturity on the process of island colonization: an experimental approach with protozoan communities. Oikos. 35:107-114.
F. Lyman E.  1944.  Effect of temperature on the emergence of mayfly imagoes from the subimago stage. Entomological News. 55:113-115.
Keller TAllen.  1992.  The effect of the branchiobdellid annelid Cambarincola fallax on the growth rate and condition of the crayfish Orconectes rusticus. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 7(2):165-171.
Karowe DN, Golston V.  2006.  Effect of the cardenolide digitoxin on performance of gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) caterpillars. Great Lakes Entomologist. 39:34-39.
Edburg S.L, Stock D., Lamb B.K, Patton E.G.  2012.  The Effect of the Vertical Source Distribution on Scalar Statistics within and above a Forest Canopy. Boundary-Layer Meteorology. 142(3):365-382.
La Rue CD.  1942.  The effect of wounding, of wound hormones and of growth hormones on rhizoid formation in mosses and liverworts. The Bryologist. 45:35-39.
Havens K, Jolls CL, Marik JE, Vitt P, A. McEachern K, Kind D..  2012.  Effects of a non-native biocontrol weevil, Larinus planus, and other emerging threats on populations of the federally threatened Pitcher’s thistle, Cirsium pitcheri. Biological Conservation. 155:202-211.
Bach CE.  1994.  Effects of a specialist herbivore (Altica subplicata) on Salix cordata and sand dune succession. Ecological Monographs. 64(4):423-445.
Jr. JCairns, Hart KM, Henebry MS.  1980.  The effects of a sublethal dose of copper sulfate on the colonization rate of freshwater protozoan communities. The American Midlands Naturalist. 104:93-101.
Francoeur SN, Lowe RL.  1998.  Effects of ambient ultraviolet radiation on littoral periphyton: biomass accrual and taxon-specific responses. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 13(1):29-37.
Angeloni NL, Jankowski KJo, Tuchman NCrandall, Kelly JJ.  2006.  Effects of an invasive cattail species (Typha x glauca) on sediment nitrogen and microbial community composition in a freshwater wetland. FEMS Microbiology Letters. 263(1):86-92.
Wetzel RG, Tuchman NCrandall.  2005.  Effects of atmospheric CO2 enrichment and sunlight on degradation of plant particulate and dissolved organic matter and microbial utilization. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie. 162(3):287-308.
Giesy JP, Edgar ALee.  1970.  Effects of automobile exhaust on forest litter invertebrates. The Michigan Academician. 3(2):27-31.
Jurcak AM, Gauthier SJ, Moore PA.  2015.  The Effects of Biodiesel and Crude Oil on the Foraging Behavior of Rusty Crayfish, Orconectes rusticus. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 69(4):557-565.
Forschner DC.  1990.  Effects of brood-size manipulations on parental investment of House Sparrows (Passer domesticus) in northern lower Michigan. Denison University Bulletin, Journal of the Scientific Laboratories. 26:20-29.
Su H, Schmid HPeter, Vogel CS, Curtis PS.  2008.  Effects of canopy morphology and thermal stability on mean flow and turbulence statistics observed inside a mixed hardwood forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 148(6-7):862-882.
Scheuermann CM, Nave LE, Fahey RT, Nadelhoffer KJ, Gough CM.  2018.  Effects of canopy structure and species diversity on primary production in upper Great Lakes forests. Oecologia. 18842211098218217142537632627632815132609242981265014892535430649351639730292051897617728313279669172151496619199815257(2):405-415.
Pringle CMann.  1985.  Effects of chironomid (Insecta: Diptera) tube-building activities on stream diatom communities. Journal of Phycology. 21:185-194.
Adams JA, Tuchman NC, Moore PA.  2005.  Effects of CO 2 -altered detritus on growth and chemically mediated decisions in crayfish ( Procambarus clarkii ). Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 24(2):330-345.
Williams EL, Walter LM, Ku TCW, Kling GW, Zak DR.  2003.  Effects of CO2 and nutrient availability on mineral weathering in controlled tree growth experiments. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 17(2):12pp.
Gannon JEdward.  1976.  The effects of differential digestion rates of zooplankton by alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus, on determinations of selective feeding. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 105(1):89-95.
Reitz S.R, Karowe DN, Diawara M.M, Trumble J.T.  1997.  Effects of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide on the growth and linear furanocoumarin content of celery. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 45:3642-3646.
Barbehenn RV, Karowe DN, Spickard A.  2004.  Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 on the nutritional ecology of C3 and C4 grass-feeding caterpillars. Oecologia. 140:86-95.
Kubiske ME, Pregitzer KS.  1996.  Effects of elevated CO2 and light availability on the photosynthetic light response of trees of contrasting shade tolerance. Tree Physiology. 16:351-358.
Beiswenger REdwin, Test FH.  1966.  Effects of environmental temperature on movements of tadpoles of the American Toad, Bufo terrestris americanus. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 51:127-141.
Gannon JEdward.  1972.  Effects of eutrophication and fish predation on recent changes in zooplankton crustacea species composition in Lake Michigan. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. 91:82-84.
Keyport S, Carson BD, Johnson O, Lawrence BA, Lishawa SC, Tuchman NC, Kelly JJ.  2018.  Effects of experimental harvesting of an invasive hybrid cattail on wetland structure and function. Restoration Ecology. 36(21)
Keyport S, Carson BD, Johnson O, Lawrence BA, Lishawa SC, Tuchman NC, Kelly JJ.  2019.  Effects of experimental harvesting of an invasive hybrid cattail on wetland structure and function. Restoration Ecology. 27(2):389-398.
He L, Ivanov VY, Bohrer G, Maurer KD, Vogel CS, Moghaddam M.  2014.  Effects of fine-scale soil moisture and canopy heterogeneity on energy and water fluxes in a northern temperate mixed forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 184:243-256.
Adams PWilliam, Boyle JR.  1980.  Effects of fire on soil nutrients in clearcut and whole-tree harvest sites in central Michigan. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 44:847-850.
Zuk M.  1987.  The effects of gregarine parasites, body size, and time of day on spermatophore production and sexual selection in field crickets. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 21:65-72.
Zuk M.  1987.  The effects of gregarine parasites on longevity, weight loss, fecundity and developmental time in the field crickets Gryllus veletis and G. pennsylvanicus. Ecological Entomology. 12:349-354.
Jr. JCairns, Paterson RA.  1971.  The effects of heated waste waters upon microbial communities. Water Resources Research in Virginia. 46:121-126.
Bach CE.  1994.  Effects of herbivory and genotype on growth and survivorship of sand-dune willow (Salix cordata). Ecological Entomology. 19:303-309.
Bach CE.  1988.  Effects of host plant patch size on herbivore density: underlying mechanisms. Ecology. 69:1103-1117.
Pan Y, Lowe RL.  1995.  The effects of hydropsychid colonization on algal response to nutrient enrichment in a small Michigan stream, U.S.A. Freshwater Biology. 33:393-400.
Thomas PM, Legault RO.  1967.  The effects of industrial wastes from Charmin Paper Products Company on fish of the Cheboygan River drainage system. Water Research. 1:217-229.
Dickson KL, Jr. JCairns, Gregg BC, Messenger DI, Plafkin JL, van der Schalie WHenry.  1977.  Effects of intermittent chlorination on aquatic organisms and communities. Journal of Water Pollution Control Federation. 49:35-44.
Lyon JGrimson, Drobney RD, Jr. CEOlson.  1986.  Effects of Lake Michigan water levels on wetland soil chemistry and distribution of plants in the Straits of Mackinac. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 12(3):175-183.