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The effects of early experience on the development, behavior, and survival of shorebirds. Doctor of Philosophy:109pp... 1992.
Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus on the endosymbiont load of Rhopalodia gibba and Epithemia turgida (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology. 28:773-777.. 1992.
Effects of substrate, light, and benthic invertebrates on algal drift in small streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 11(1):49-59.. 1992.
Egg-eating by female Brown-headed Cowbirds. The Condor. 94:579-584.. 1992.
Effects of an air pollution gradient on northern hardwood forests in the northern Great Lakes region. :54pp... 1991.
Effects of selective grazing by snails on benthic algal succession. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 10(4):430-443.. 1991.
Effects of soil moisture on the pupation behavior of Altica subplicata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Great Lakes Entomologist. 24(4):231-237.. 1991.
Effects of acid deposition on nitrogen mineralization in forest soils of the Great Lakes region. Department of Forestry. Master of Science:66pp... 1990.
Effects of brood-size manipulations on parental investment of House Sparrows (Passer domesticus) in northern lower Michigan. Denison University Bulletin, Journal of the Scientific Laboratories. 26:20-29.. 1990.
The effects of nest visibility and nest crypticness on crow predation of Killdeer nests. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:23pp... 1990.
Effects of nuclear and cytoplasmic genes altering chlorophyll loss on gas exchange during monocarpic senescence in soybean. Plant and Cell Physiology. 31(8):1123-1130.. 1990.
Effects of shredding amphipod density on watercress Nasturtium officinale breakdown. Holarctic Ecology. 13:293-299.. 1990.
Ecological determinants of host plant range in the willow flea beetle Altica subplicata LeConte (Chrysomelidae: Alticinae). Master of Science:108pp... 1989.
The effects of female age and habitat variation on the nesting success of Tree Swallows. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:42pp... 1989.
Evolution of cutaneous sugar transport functions in Proterometra dickermani (Digenea: Azygiidae). Journal of Parasitology. 75:465-467.. 1989.
The earth's magnetic field as a navigational cue. Modern Bioelectricity. :35-74.. 1988.
Ecological and evolutionary determinants of larval host plant range in the sulfur butterlfies, Colias philodice and Colias interior. Doctor of Philosophy:206pp... 1988.
Effect of grazing by Physa integra on periphyton community structure. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 7(1):29-36.. 1988.
Effects of an air pollution gradient on northern hardwood forests in the northern Great Lakes region.. 1988.
Effects of different intensities and frequencies of disturbance by snail herbivory on periphyton succession. Doctor of Philosophy:220pp... 1988.
Effects of host plant patch size on herbivore density: underlying mechanisms. Ecology. 69:1103-1117.. 1988.
Effects of temperature and light on photosynthesis of dominant species of a northern hardwood forest. Botanical Gazette. 149:203-208.. 1988.
The effects of gregarine parasites, body size, and time of day on spermatophore production and sexual selection in field crickets. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 21:65-72.. 1987.
The effects of gregarine parasites on longevity, weight loss, fecundity and developmental time in the field crickets Gryllus veletis and G. pennsylvanicus. Ecological Entomology. 12:349-354.. 1987.
Effects of water and substratum nutrient supplies on lotic periphyton growth: an integrated bioassay. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 44:619-629.. 1987.
Experimental field demonstration that two aposematic butterfly color patterns do no confer protection against birds in northern Michigan. The American Midlands Naturalist. 118:145-152.. 1987.
Ecological and evolutionary consequences of plant breeding systems: Silene vulgaris (the bladder campion). Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. 102(4):173(Abstr.. 1986.
Effect of 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol on the structure and function of protozoan communities established on artificial substrates. Community Toxicity Testing. Special Technical Publication 920:224-240.. 1986.
Effects of Lake Michigan water levels on wetland soil chemistry and distribution of plants in the Straits of Mackinac. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 12(3):175-183.. 1986.
Ecology of some Chironomidae (Diptera) from southeastern Lake Michigan, U.S.A. Transactions of the American Entomological Society. 111:279-359.. 1985.
Ecology of the zoobenthos of southeastern Lake Michigan near the D. C. Cook nuclear power plant. Part 4: Pisidiidae. :85pp... 1985.
Effects of chironomid (Insecta: Diptera) tube-building activities on stream diatom communities. Journal of Phycology. 21:185-194.. 1985.
Effects of nine years of fox predation on two species of breeding gulls. The Auk. 102:827-833.. 1985.
Effects of nitrate application on Amaranthus powellii Wats. I. Changes in photosynthesis, growth rates, and leaf area. Plant Physiology. 79:609-613.. 1985.
Effects of nitrate application on Amaranthus powellii Wats. II. Stomatal response to vapor pressure difference is consistent with optimization of stomatal conductance. Plant Physiology. 79:614-618.. 1985.
Effects of nitrate application on Amaranthus powellii Wats. III. Optimal allocation of leaf nitrogen for photosynthesis and stomatal conductance. Plant Physiology. 79:619-624.. 1985.
Endangered and threatened vascular plants in Michigan. II. Third biennial review proposed list. Michigan Botanist. 24:99-116.. 1985.
Export of species to islands from sources of differing maturity. Hydrobiologia. 121:103-109.. 1985.
Ecology of shallow and deep water populations of Pontoporeia hoyi (Smith) (Amphipoda) in Lake Michigan. Freshwater Invertebrate Biology. 3(3):118-138.. 1984.
Effect of chromium on larval Chironomidae as determined by the optical-fiber light-interrruption biomonitoring system. Aquatic Toxicology and Hazard Assessment: Sixth Symposium. Special Technical Publication 802:469-481.. 1984.
The effects of botfly parasitism of some life history parameters of two populations of eastern chipmunks in northern Michigan. Department of Biology. Master of Science:57pp... 1984.
Export of species from sources of differing maturity and complexity. Doctor of Philosophy:135pp... 1984.
External incubation alters the composition of squamate eggshells. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. 79(3):481-487.. 1984.
Early colonization patterns of diatoms and protozoans in fourteen freshwater lakes. Journal of Protozoology. 30:47-51.. 1983.
The effect of different initial colonists on the outcome of periphyton succession in a small stream. Master of Science:51pp... 1983.
The effect of population structure on the evolution of mutualism: a field test involving burying beetles and their phoretic mites. The American Naturalist. 121:851-870.. 1983.
Export of species from sources of differing maturities. Association of Southeastern Biologists Bulletin. 30:78(Abstr.. 1983.
Epiphytic diatom (Bacillariophyceae) community structure in a wetland continuum, Sugar Island, Michigan. Master of Science:66pp... 1982.
Estimating biomass in northern lower Michigan forest stands. Forest Ecology and Management. 4:275-286.. 1982.
The effect of environmental uncertainty on morphological design and fluid balance in Sarracenia purpurea L. Oecologia. 48:364-370.. 1981.
The effect of island size, distance and epicenter maturity on colonization in freshwater protozoan communities. The American Midlands Naturalist. 104:80-92.. 1980.
The effect of source pool maturity on the process of island colonization: an experimental approach with protozoan communities. Oikos. 35:107-114.. 1980.
The effects of a sublethal dose of copper sulfate on the colonization rate of freshwater protozoan communities. The American Midlands Naturalist. 104:93-101.. 1980.
Effects of fire on soil nutrients in clearcut and whole-tree harvest sites in central Michigan. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 44:847-850.. 1980.
Effects of littoral conditions on the distribution, behavior, and population dynamics of a filter feeding microcrustacean: Sida crystallina. Doctor of Philosophy:152pp... 1980.
The effects of sewage effluent on Acer sp. mycorrhizae and related soil properties. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:65pp... 1980.
Energetics of feeding on tree sap by Ruby-throated Hummingbirds in Michigan. The American Midlands Naturalist. 104:328-334.. 1980.
The Eastern Ring-neck snake (Diadophis punctatus edwardsii) in northern Michigan, (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology. 13:377-402.. 1979.
Ecological considerations in reclaiming surface mined lands. Minerals and the Environment. 1(3):83-89.. 1979.
Effects of bark and sapwood microorganisms on development of Hypoxylon canker of aspen. Doctor of Philosophy:107pp... 1979.
An expanded description of Sphagnum splendens. Michigan Botanist. 18:69-72.. 1979.
The effect of nocturnal red fox predation on the nesting success of colonial gulls. 1978 Colonial Waterbird Group Conference. 1:91-101.. 1978.
Environmental features of Walloon Lake and its watershed (Emmet and Charlevoix Counties, Michigan). :81pp... 1978.
Estimating the Hazard of Chemical Substances to Aquatic Life. Spec. Tech. Publ. 657:278.. 1978.
Effects of intermittent chlorination on aquatic organisms and communities. Journal of Water Pollution Control Federation. 49:35-44.. 1977.
Endangered, threatened, and rare vascular plants in Michigan. Michigan Botanist. 16:99-110.. 1977.
Environmental variables affecting small-scale distributions of five rotifer species in Lancaster Lake, Michigan. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie. 62:511-521.. 1977.
Evaluation of natural and artificial substrate colonization by scanning electron microscopy. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. 96:506-519.. 1977.
Extent of vegetative reproduction in eleven species of Sphagnum from northern Michigan. Michigan Botanist. 16:83-89.. 1977.
The effects of differential digestion rates of zooplankton by alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus, on determinations of selective feeding. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 105(1):89-95.. 1976.
The effects of substrate quality upon colonization by freshwater protozoans. Revista de Biologia. 10(1-4):13-20.. 1976.
Energy exchange and transpiration. Water and Plant Life. :136-147.. 1976.
Experiments on defenses Cedar Waxwings use against Cowbird parasitism. The Auk. 93:675-691.. 1976.
An ecological approach to rare and endangered species in the Great Lakes region. The Michigan Academician. 8:7-21.. 1975.
Effects of clear-cutting on nutrient losses in aspen forests on three soil types in Michigan. Mineral Cycling in Southeastern Forest Ecosystems. :673-686.. 1975.
The effects of lapsed time since feeding upon the toxicity of zinc to fish. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 13(3):269-274.. 1975.
Energetics of occupied hummingbird nests. Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology. :417-430.. 1975.
Epilimnion circulation in North Fishtail Bay, Douglas Lake, Michigan. Michigan Botanist. 7:397-408.. 1975.
Evidence for the hybrid origin of Potamogeton longiligulatus (Potamogetonaceae). Michigan Botanist. 14:94-100.. 1975.
An experimental and teleonomic investigation of avian brood parasitism. The Condor. 77:250-271.. 1975.
The ecology of Lake Michigan zooplankton - a review with special emphasis on the Calumet area. 2:56.. 1974.
The effect of site factors and growth rate on the anatomical proportions of northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) wood. School of Natural Resources. Doctor of Philosophy:156pp... 1974.
The effects of prior exposure to sublethal concentrations of toxicants upon the tolerance of snails to thermal shock. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie. 77:441-447.. 1974.
Environmental requirements and pollution tolerance of freshwater diatoms. EPA-670/4-74-005. :334pp... 1974.
Evidence for "floaters" in the American Redstart. Jack Pine Warbler. 52:91.. 1974.
Ecological notes on paddlefish (Polyodon spathula) with short rostrums. The Michigan Academician. 6:217-222.. 1973.
Ecology of the Scirpus lacustris complex in North America. Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii. 20:215-216.. 1973.
The effect of an influx of new species on the diversity of protozoan communities. Revista de Biologia. 9:187-206.. 1973.
The effect of site and precipitation on fiber length in bigtooth aspen. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:48pp... 1973.
Effects of microsporidan infection on larval trematodes: infection with Nosema strigeoideae or N. echinostomi. Journal of invertebrate pathology. 22:193-198.. 1973.
Exceptional nesting sites of the Eastern Kingbird. Jack Pine Warbler. 54:70-74.. 1973.
Extreme overlap between first and second nestings in the Rose-breasted Grosbeak. The Wilson Bulletin. 85:242-243.. 1973.
Effects of eutrophication and fish predation on recent changes in zooplankton crustacea species composition in Lake Michigan. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. 91:82-84.. 1972.
An evaluation of the form of jack pine in two plantations of a seed source study in Michigan. School of Natural Resources. Master of Forestry:36pp... 1972.
Evidence of celestial orientation in newly-metamorphosed Rana pipiens. Herpetologica. 28:273-276.. 1972.
Extension of range of the triclad turbellarian Phagocata gracilis (Haldeman). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. 91:596-599.. 1972.
The effects of heated waste waters upon microbial communities. Water Resources Research in Virginia. 46:121-126.. 1971.
Eutrophication, silica depletion, and predicted changes in algal quality in Lake Michigan. Science. 173:423-424.. 1971.
Evaluation of a plastic wing-marker for gull studies. Bird-Banding. 42:88-91.. 1971.