The effects of nutrients on periphyton. Doctor of Philosophy:98pp... 1993.
Effects of ontogeny and odors on behavior: the influence of crayfish size and fish odors on crayfish movement. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology. 33:25-50.. 1999.
The effects of pH and light on periphyton communities in a Michigan wetland. Master of Science:48pp... 1998.
The effects of pH on a periphyton community in an acidic wetland, USA. Hydrobiologia. 561:71-82.. 2006.
Effects of phenological change on ecosystem productivity of temperate deciduous broad-leaved forests in North America. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology. 36(5):363-371.. 2013.
The effects of prior exposure to sublethal concentrations of toxicants upon the tolerance of snails to thermal shock. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie. 77:441-447.. 1974.
The effects of prolonged exposure of the siliceous spicules of a fresh-water sponge (Spongilla fragilis) to the action of animal tissues: a contribution to the pathogenesis of silicosis in man. American Journal of Hygiene. 13:224-234.. 1931.
Effects of selective grazing by snails on benthic algal succession. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 10(4):430-443.. 1991.
The effects of sewage effluent on Acer sp. mycorrhizae and related soil properties. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:65pp... 1980.
The effects of shoreline habitat and land development on larval fish assemblages in Lake Huron bays, Les Cheneaux, Michigan. School of Natural Resources and Environment. Master of Science:42pp... 1999.
Effects of shredding amphipod density on watercress Nasturtium officinale breakdown. Holarctic Ecology. 13:293-299.. 1990.
Effects of soil fertility and atmospheric CO2 enrichment on leaf, stem and root dark respiration of Populus tremuloides. Pedosphere. 11(3):199-208.. 2001.
Effects of soil moisture on the pupation behavior of Altica subplicata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Great Lakes Entomologist. 24(4):231-237.. 1991.
Effects of soil nutrients on the sequestration of plant defence chemicals by the specialist insect herbivore, Danaus plexippus. Ecological Entomology.. 2014.
The effects of starvation on crayfish responses to alarm odor. Ethology. 109(7):587-592.. 2003.
Effects of structural habitat on drift distance and benthic settlement of the caddisfly, Ceratopsyche sparna. Hydrobiologia. 477:139-147.. 2002.
Effects of substrate and predator type on microdistributions and drift of a lotic mayfly. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 15(4):520-528.. 1996.
Effects of substrate, light, and benthic invertebrates on algal drift in small streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 11(1):49-59.. 1992.
The effects of substrate quality upon colonization by freshwater protozoans. Revista de Biologia. 10(1-4):13-20.. 1976.
Effects of temperature and light on photosynthesis of dominant species of a northern hardwood forest. Botanical Gazette. 149:203-208.. 1988.
Effects of water and substratum nutrient supplies on lotic periphyton growth: an integrated bioassay. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 44:619-629.. 1987.
The effects of wounding and wound hormones on root formation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 27:388-392.. 1941.
Effects of zebra mussel attachment on the foraging behaviour of a larval dragonfly, Macromia illinoiensis. Ecological Entomology. 36(6):760-767.. 2011.
Effects of Zebra Mussels (Dreissena Polymorpha) on Mobility of Three Native Mollusk Species. The American Midland Naturalist. 158(2):329-337.. 2007.
Efficacy of praziquantel in treating natural schistosome infections in common mergansers. Journal of Parasitology. 87(2):424-426.. 2001.
Efficient atmospheric cleansing of oxidized organic trace gases by vegetation. Science. 330(6005):816-819.. 2010.
Egg attendance and brooding by males of the giant water bug Lethocerus medius (Guerin) in the field (Heteroptera: Belostomatidae). Journal of Insect Behavior. 6(1):93-106.. 1993.
Egg-eating by female Brown-headed Cowbirds. The Condor. 94:579-584.. 1992.
Eggs and attachment site for egg capsules of Valvata lewisi. The Nautilus. 84:9-12.. 1970.
Eggs and natural nests of the eastern ringneck snake, Diadophis punctatus edwardsii. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 22:521-532.. 1937.
Eggs and young of the eastern ring-neck snake, Diadophis punctatus edwardsii. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 7:279-292.. 1926.
Eggs and young of the smooth green snake, Liopeltis vernalis (Harlan). Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 17:493-508.. 1933.
The eggs of Corixidae (Hemiptera). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society. 21(4):141-146.. 1948.
Eggs of fresh-water fishes suitable for physiological research. Science. 74:295-296.. 1931.
The elasticity, breaking stress, and breaking strain of the horizontal rhizomes of species of Equisetum. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 46:122-132.. 1943.
Elasticity of plant tissues. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 47:219-239.. 1944.
Elasticity, plasticity, and compression for cylindrical plant tissues, and fine structure of their cell walls. Journal of Colloid Science. 3(3):263-271.. 1948.
Elasticity, plasticity, and fine structure of plant cell walls. Journal of Colloid Science. 1(4):327-370.. 1946.
Elasticity, plasticity, water content, and hardness of plant tissues of different ages. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 52:219-231.. 1949.
Electron microscopic observation of spore germination in Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. Doctor of Philosophy. 1965.
Elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and leaf litter chemistry: influences on microbial respiration and net nitrogen mineralization. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 60(5):1571-1577.. 1996.
Elevated atmospheric CO2 alters leaf litter quality for stream ecosystems: an in situ leaf decomposition study. Hydrobiologia. 495:203-211.. 2003.
Elevated atmospheric CO2 and feedback between carbon and nitrogen cycles. Plant and Soil. 151:105-117.. 1993.
Elevated Atmospheric CO2 Impacts Abundance and Diversity of Nitrogen Cycling Functional Genes in Soil. Microbial Ecology. 65(2):394-404.. 2013.
Elevated atmospheric CO2 lowers leaf litter nutritional quality for stream ecosystem food webs. Global Change Biology. 8:163-170.. 2002.
Elevated atmospheric NO3- deposition in northern hardwood forests: impacts on the microbial mechanisms of plant litter decomposition. Doctor of Philosophy:94pp... 2004.
Elevated CO2 alters leaf-litter-derived dissolved organic carbon: effects on stream periphyton and crayfish feeding preference. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 26(4):662-671.. 2007.
Elevated CO2 increases constitutive phenolics and trichomes, but decreases inducibility of phenolics in Brassica rapa (Brassicaceae). Journal of Chemical Ecology. 37(12):1332-1340.. 2011.
Elevated-CO2-induced changes in the chemistry of quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides Michaux) leaf litter: subsequent mass loss and microbial response in a stream ecosystem. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 21(1):16-27.. 2002.
Embryotoxicity of maternally-transferred methylmercury to fathead minnows Pimephales promelas. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry.. 2015.
En route behavior of homing Herring Gulls as determined by radio-tracking. The Wilson Bulletin. 82:189-200.. 1970.
Endangered and threatened vascular plants in Michigan. II. Third biennial review proposed list. Michigan Botanist. 24:99-116.. 1985.
Endangered, threatened, and rare vascular plants in Michigan. Michigan Botanist. 16:99-110.. 1977.
Energetics of feeding on tree sap by Ruby-throated Hummingbirds in Michigan. The American Midlands Naturalist. 104:328-334.. 1980.
Energetics of occupied hummingbird nests. Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology. :417-430.. 1975.
Energy exchange and transpiration. Water and Plant Life. :136-147.. 1976.
Enlarged bases in Fraxinus nigra in Michigan. Botanical Gazette. 80:107-110.. 1925.
The environment, life history and structure of the water boatman, Ramphocorixa acuminata (Uhler) (Hemiptera, Corixidae). The University of Kansas Science Bulletin. 30(Pt. 2, 14):241-365.. 1945.
Environmental and biological controls on the seasonal variations in latent heat fluxes derived from flux data for three forest sites. Water Resources Research. 40(12):1-10.. 2004.
Environmental controls on sap flow in a northern hardwood forest. Tree Physiology. 25:31-38.. 2005.
Environmental factors affecting distribution of mayfly nymphs in Douglas Lake, Michigan. Ecology. 37:568-576.. 1956.
Environmental factors influencing local distribution and activity of the salamander, Plethodon cinereus. Ecology. 43:460-472.. 1962.
Environmental features of Walloon Lake and its watershed (Emmet and Charlevoix Counties, Michigan). :81pp... 1978.
Environmental relations and life history of the tapeworm Bothriocephalus rarus Thomas. Journal of Parasitology. 23:133-152.. 1937.
Environmental requirements and pollution tolerance of freshwater diatoms. EPA-670/4-74-005. :334pp... 1974.
Environmental selection of the fresh-water sponges (Spongillidae) of Michigan. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. 51:129-136.. 1932.
Environmental stress effects on vigor, mortality, and growth in northern hardwood forests along a pollution-climate gradient. The Michigan Academician. 30:27-47.. 1998.
Environmental variability and experimental method as factors influencing plant response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Doctor of Philosophy:145pp... 1997.
Environmental variables affecting small-scale distributions of five rotifer species in Lancaster Lake, Michigan. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie. 62:511-521.. 1977.
The epidemiology of cercarial dermatitis and its association with limnological characteristics of a northern Michigan lake. Journal of Parasitology. 84(1):19-23.. 1998.
Epidermal cell patterns in the miracidium of digenetic trematodes. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 51:109-117.. 1966.
Epilimnion circulation in North Fishtail Bay, Douglas Lake, Michigan. Michigan Botanist. 7:397-408.. 1975.
Epiphytic diatom (Bacillariophyceae) community structure in a wetland continuum, Sugar Island, Michigan. Master of Science:66pp... 1982.
The epizootiology of Leucocytozoon simondi infections in domestic ducks in northern Michigan. American Journal of Hygiene. 56(1):39-57.. 1952.
An erythristic Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis. Herpetologica. 4:211-212.. 1948.
The establishment of aquatic vegetation in and around artificial fish shelters in Douglas Lake, Michigan. The American Midlands Naturalist. 80:551-554.. 1968.
The establishment of Proterometra sagittaria Dickerman, 1946 in a new locality. Journal of Parasitology. 55:425.. 1969.
The establishment of the Atlantic smelt in the upper waters of the Great Lakes. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 5:405-424.. 1925.
Estimating biomass in northern lower Michigan forest stands. Forest Ecology and Management. 4:275-286.. 1982.
Estimating plot-level tree structure in a deciduous forest by combining allometric equations, spatial wavelet analysis and airborne LiDAR. Remote Sensing Letters. 3(5):443-451.. 2012.
Estimating soil temperatures and frost in the lake effect snowbelt region, Michigan, USA. Cold Regions Science and Technology. 23(4):317-332.. 1995.
Estimating the Hazard of Chemical Substances to Aquatic Life. Spec. Tech. Publ. 657:278.. 1978.
Estimation of chytrid propagules in Douglas Lake by the MPN-pollen grain method. Veroeffentlichungen des Instituts fuer Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven. 11:83-88.. 1968.
Eutrophication of streams and rivers: dissolved nutrient-chlorophyll relationships for benthic algae. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 19(1):17-31.. 2000.
Eutrophication, silica depletion, and predicted changes in algal quality in Lake Michigan. Science. 173:423-424.. 1971.
Evaluating forest subcanopy response to moderate severity disturbance and contribution to ecosystem-level productivity and resilience. Forest Ecology and Management. 376:135-147.. 2016.
Evaluating the agreement between measurements and models of net ecosystem exchange at different times and timescales using wavelet coherence: an example using data from the North American Carbon Program Site-Level Interim Synthesis. Biogeosciences. 10(11):6893-6909.. 2013.
Evaluating the effects of habitat patchiness on small fish assemblages in a Great Lakes coastal marsh. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 31:466-481.. 2005.
Evaluation of a plastic wing-marker for gull studies. Bird-Banding. 42:88-91.. 1971.
An evaluation of Douglas Lake, Cheboygan County, Michigan, U.S.A., as suitable habitat for the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha). Master of Science:39pp... 1994.
Evaluation of leaf-to-canopy upscaling methodologies against carbon flux data in North America. Journal of Geophysical Research. 117(G1):17.. 2012.
Evaluation of natural and artificial substrate colonization by scanning electron microscopy. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. 96:506-519.. 1977.
An evaluation of the form of jack pine in two plantations of a seed source study in Michigan. School of Natural Resources. Master of Forestry:36pp... 1972.
Evaporation in the Scirpus validus and S. americanus associations. Botanical Gazette. 81:95-102.. 1926.
Evaporation in vegetation at different heights. American Journal of Botany. 13:167-178.. 1926.
Evidence for assessment disappears in mixed-sex contests of the crayfish, Orconectes virilis. Behaviour. 152(7-8):995-1018.. 2015.
Evidence for "floaters" in the American Redstart. Jack Pine Warbler. 52:91.. 1974.
Evidence for the hybrid origin of Drosera anglica. Rhodora. 57(676):105-130.. 1955.
Evidence for the hybrid origin of Potamogeton longiligulatus (Potamogetonaceae). Michigan Botanist. 14:94-100.. 1975.