|Title||Integration of multiple predator cues by the crayfish Orconectes propinquus|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2001|
|Authors||Bouwma P, Hazlett BA|
We examined the responses of individual crayfish (O. propinquus) to cues associated with predation risk in the laboratory. We presented visual and tactile cues either alone or in combination with conspecific alarm odour. The addition of alarm odour resulted in crayfish responding to a visual cue at a greater distance and with a stronger response in terms of distance retreated. Similarly, the frequency of response and the magnitude of the responses shown to a tactile cue were higher when alarm odour was added, but only at night. During the day, the addition of alarm odour did not affect the responses shown to tactile input. We then presented a dilution series of alarm odour solutions (100, 50, 10 and 1% strength) in combination with the visual stimulus. There were no differences in response parameters with chemical cues of different strength. We discuss the response patterns observed with regard to the ecology of O. propinquus compared with related species of crayfish.