|Title||Mode of attachment, haustorium structure, and hosts of Pedicularis canadensis|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1963|
|Journal||American Journal of Botany|
Although long known for European members of the genus, parasitism is documented for the first time for the North American Pedicularis canadensis (Scrophulariaceae) from observations made in the field. Every stand examined showed evidence for parasitism, the haustorial connections being established in the seedling stage. The haustoria, which vary somewhat morphologically, produce direct connection between the xylem of the host and that of the parasite. The great diversity of hosts, involving 80 species from 35 families, suggests that connections may be made to essentially any vascular plant with subterranean parts in proximity to those of the parasite, although some species are parasitized much more frequently than others. In addition, haustorial attachments were found to dead parts of vascular plants and, in single instances, to a fungus and small pebbles. Intraspecific parasitism has also been observed.