The MODIS (Collection V005) BRDF/albedo product: Assessment of spatial representativeness over forested landscapes

TitleThe MODIS (Collection V005) BRDF/albedo product: Assessment of spatial representativeness over forested landscapes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsRomán MO, Schaaf CB, Woodcock CE, Strahler AH, Yang X, Braswell RH, Curtis PS, Davis KJ, Dragoni D, Goulden M, Gu L, Hollinger D, Kolb T, Meyers T, J. Munger W, Privette JL, Richardson AD, Wilson TB, Wofsy S
JournalRemote Sensing of Environment
Pagination2476 - 2498
Date Published11/2009

A new methodology for establishing the spatial representativeness of tower albedo measurements that are routinely used in validation of satellite retrievals from global land surface albedo and reflectance anisotropy products is presented. This method brings together knowledge of the intrinsic biophysical properties of a measurement site, and the surrounding landscape to produce a number of geostatistical attributes that describe the overall variability, spatial extent, strength of the spatial correlation, and spatial structure of surface albedo patterns at separate seasonal periods throughout the year. Variogram functions extracted from Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) retrievals of surface albedo using multiple spatial and temporal thresholds were used to assess the degree to which a given point (tower) measurement is able to capture the intrinsic variability of the immediate landscape extending to a satellite pixel. A validation scheme was implemented over a wide range of forested landscapes, looking at both deciduous and coniferous sites, from tropical to boreal ecosystems. The experiment focused on comparisons between tower measurements of surface albedo acquired at local solar noon and matching retrievals from the MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) (Collection V005) Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF)/albedo algorithm. Assessments over a select group of field stations with comparable landscape features and daily retrieval scenarios further demonstrate the ability of this technique to identify measurement sites that contain the intrinsic spatial and seasonal features of surface albedo over sufficiently large enough footprints for use in modeling and remote sensing studies. This approach, therefore, improves our understanding of product uncertainty both in terms of the representativeness of the field data and its relationship to the larger satellite pixel.