|Title||Non-stomatal limitation of CO2 assimilation in three tree species during natural drought conditions|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1986|
|Authors||Briggs GM, Gates DM, Jurik TW|
The effect of drought on CO2 assimilation and leaf conductance was studied in three northern hardwood species: Quercus rubra L., Acer rubrum L. and Populus grandidentata Michx. Leaf gas exchange characteristics at two CO2 levels (320 and 620 ul/l) and temperatures from 20 to 35 C were measured at the end of a dry period and shortly after 10 cm of rainfall. The effects of drought varied with species, temperature and CO2 level. Calculated values of internal CO2 concentration showed little or no decline during drought. Differences in assimilation, before vs after the rains, were most apparent at the higher CO2 level. These latter two observations indicate non-stomatal disruption of CO2 assimilation during the dry period. In P. grandidentata there was a substantial interaction between drought and temperature, with a resultant shift in the temperature for maximum assimilation to lower temperatures during drought. During drought, internal CO2 concentrations increased sharply in all three species under the combined conditions of high temperatures and the higher CO2 level.