PFAS in northern Michigan surface waters, fish, and deer

Project Overview
Research Core Areas: 
Project Abstract: 
Per- and poly-fluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) have been entering the environment for decades, and only recently, the technology has been developed to detect and quantify PFAS in samples. PFAS have been found worldwide far over accepted safe levels. PFAS, specifically PFOS (perfluorooctanesulfonic acid), has toxic effects on organisms. Exposure to PFAS can permanently impact organism's behavior, physiology, and biochemical pathways. Also, PFAS is known to biomagnify in aquatic organisms in the Great Lakes. However, little is known about PFAS levels throughout watersheds, especially in northern Michigan. PFAS and a toxin-metabolizing enzyme will be studied in Burt and Mullett Lake watersheds in surface water, fish, and deer.
Investigator Info
Funding agency: 
I have/will be applying for funding through Bowling Green State Univ., the Frey Fdn, the Baiardi Family Fdn, Burt Lake Preservation Assoc., Mullett Area Preservation Soc., and the Michigan Chapter of the North American Lake Mgmt Soc..
Years research project active: