|Title||Revegetation of beech-maple areas in the Douglas Lake region, Michigan|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1928|
|Authors||Woollett ML, Sigler D|
1. Many well-drained ridges in the Douglas Lake region, Cheboygan County, Michigan, are occupied by virgin beech-maple forests unless this forest has been destroyed by fire, lumbering, or clearing. 2. A typical beech-maple forest is characterized by trees of Acer saccharum, Fagus grandifolia, Betula lutea, Tilia glabra, Acer rubrum, Ulmus americana, and Ostrya virginiana. In some of the forests Tsuga canadensis may be quite abundant. Shrubs are few and there are about 35 typical ground plants almost always present in beech-maple forests together withsome ground plants found in several habitats. Many individuals in this ground cover are seedlings. 3. The reforestation of beech-maple forests in 11 areas was studied during 1926 by the quadrat method. 4. Lumbered areas without fire return to beech-maple by means of coppice development. Burnt areas usually involved fireweed and other stages and take longer. Pastured areas are still more involved and greatly favor the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) at the expense of other species. In abandoned cultivated areas, the succession includes weed and meadow stages before the usual stages to the climax beech-maple forest.