|Title||Short-term effects of CO2 on gas exchange of leaves of bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata) in the field|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1984|
|Authors||Jurik TW, Weber JA, Gates DM|
The short term effects of increased levels of CO2 on gas exchange of leaves of bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata Michx.) were studied at the University of Michigan Biological Station, Pellston, MI. Leaf gas exchange was measured in situ in the upper half of the canopy, 12 to 14 meters above ground. In 1900 microliters per liter CO2, maximum CO2 exchange rate (CER) in saturating light was increased by 151% relative to CER in 320 microliters per liter CO2. The temperature optimum for CER shifted from 25C in 320 microliters per liter CO2 to 37C in 1900 microliters per liter CO2. In saturating light, increasing CO2 level over the range 60 to 1900 microliters per liter increased CER, decreased stomatal conductance, and increased leaf water use efficiency. The initial slope of the CO2 response curve of CER was not significantly different at 20 and 30 C leaf temperatures, although the slope did decline significantly during leaf senescence. In 1900 microliters per liter CO2, CER increased with increasing light. The light saturation point and maximum CER were higher in 30 C than in 20 C, although there was little effect of temperature in low light. The experimental results are consistent with patterns seen in laboratory studies of other C3 species and define the parameters required by some models of aspen CER in the field.